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Kentucky Agriculture Flourishes: Insights from the 2022 Census of Agriculture

BusinessKentucky Agriculture Flourishes: Insights from the 2022 Census of Agriculture

Rich Kentucky Agricultural heritage continues to thrive, as evidenced by the latest statistics from the 2022 Census of Agriculture. With over 69,000 farms spread across the state’s picturesque landscape, and more than half of its total acreage dedicated to farming activities, agriculture remains a vital pillar of Kentucky’s economy and identity.

Census Overview

Conducted every five years by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), the Census of Agriculture provides a comprehensive snapshot of the nation’s farms, ranches, and agricultural practices. The recently released data from the 2022 Census sheds light on the state of agriculture in Kentucky, offering valuable insights into production, market values, and economic trends.

Growth and Economic Impact

The Census reveals a significant growth trajectory for Kentucky’s agricultural sector, with total Kentucky Agriculture production reaching $8 billion in 2022, marking a substantial 40% increase from 2017 figures. This growth is reflected in various key indicators:

  • Market value of livestock and poultry sales: $4.2 billion
  • Market value of crop sales: Nearly $3.8 billion
  • Net cash farm income: $2.4 billion, a remarkable 56% surge compared to 2017

Despite facing challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic, tornadoes, floods, and disease outbreaks like Avian Influenza, Kentucky’s farmers have demonstrated resilience and adaptability in sustaining agricultural productivity.

Commodities and Market Trends

The market value of specific agricultural commodities sold in 2022 highlights the diversified nature of Kentucky’s agricultural landscape:

  • Poultry and eggs: $1.79 billion (up 36%)
  • Corn: $1.46 billion (up 76%)
  • Soybeans: $1.38 billion (up 48%)
  • Cattle: $1.08 billion (up 8%)
  • Equine: $736 million (up 58%)
  • Wheat: $262 million (up 133%)
  • Milk: $233 million (up 40%)
  • Tobacco: $225 million (down 36%)
  • Hogs and pigs: $207 million (up 61%)

The substantial increases in market values across various commodities underscore the resilience and productivity of Kentucky’s agricultural sector, contributing significantly to the state’s economy.

Demographic and Structural Trends

While Kentucky’s agricultural sector continues to thrive, the Census also highlights several demographic and structural trends:

  • Decrease in the number of farms: Kentucky saw a decline in the number of farms from 2017 to 2022, with 8.6% fewer farms counted in the latest Census.
  • Average age of producers: The average age of producers increased slightly from 56.2 years in 2017 to 57.1 years in 2022, reflecting an aging farming population.
  • Farm size and distribution: Despite the decline in the number of farms, the average size of farms increased by 4.7%, indicating consolidation and efficiency gains. Barren County, Pulaski County, Warren County, Shelby County, and Grayson County emerged as the top five counties in terms of farm numbers.


The findings from the 2022 Census of Agriculture underscore the enduring importance of agriculture in Kentucky’s economy and heritage. Despite facing numerous challenges, Kentucky’s farmers continue to drive growth, innovation, and sustainability in the agricultural sector, ensuring a prosperous future for generations to come.


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